Command Reference

Commands

This is a listing of all of the different things you can pass to choco.

  • list - lists remote or local packages
  • search - searches remote or local packages (alias for list)
  • info - retrieves package information. Shorthand for choco search pkgname --exact --verbose
  • install - installs packages from various sources
  • pin - suppress upgrades for a package
  • outdated - retrieves packages that are outdated. Similar to upgrade all --noop
  • upgrade - upgrades packages from various sources
  • uninstall - uninstalls a package
  • pack - packages up a nuspec to a compiled nupkg
  • push - pushes a compiled nupkg
  • new - generates files necessary for a chocolatey package from a template
  • sources - view and configure default sources (alias for source)
  • source - view and configure default sources
  • config - Retrieve and configure config file settings
  • feature - view and configure choco features
  • features - view and configure choco features (alias for feature)
  • setapikey - retrieves or saves an apikey for a particular source (alias for apikey)
  • apikey - retrieves or saves an apikey for a particular source
  • unpackself - have chocolatey set itself up
  • version - [DEPRECATED] will be removed in v1 - use choco outdated or cup <pkg|all> -whatif instead
  • update - [DEPRECATED] RESERVED for future use (you are looking for upgrade, these are not the droids you are looking for)
  • support - provides support information
  • download - downloads packages - optionally internalizing all remote resources
  • synchronize - synchronizes against system installed software - generates missing packages
  • sync - synchronizes against system installed software - generates missing packages
  • optimize - optimizes installation, reducing space usage

Please run chocolatey with choco command -help for specific help on
each command.

How To Pass Options / Switches

You can pass options and switches in the following ways:

  • Unless stated otherwise, an option/switch should only be passed one
    time. Otherwise you may find weird/non-supported behavior.
  • -, /, or -- (one character switches should not use --)
  • Option Bundling / Bundled Options: One character switches can be
    bundled. e.g. -d (debug), -f (force), -v (verbose), and -y
    (confirm yes) can be bundled as -dfvy.
  • NOTE: If debug or verbose are bundled with local options
    (not the global ones above), some logging may not show up until after
    the local options are parsed.
  • Use Equals: You can also include or not include an equals sign
    = between options and values.
  • Quote Values: When you need to quote an entire argument, such as
    when using spaces, please use a combination of double quotes and
    apostrophes ("'value'"). In cmd.exe you can just use double quotes
    ("value") but in powershell.exe you should use backticks
    (`"value`") or apostrophes ('value'). Using the combination
    allows for both shells to work without issue, except for when the next
    section applies.
  • Pass quotes in arguments: When you need to pass quoted values to
    to something like a native installer, you are in for a world of fun. In
    cmd.exe you must pass it like this: -ia "/yo=""Spaces spaces""". In
    PowerShell.exe, you must pass it like this: -ia '/yo=""Spaces spaces""'.
    No other combination will work. In PowerShell.exe if you are on version
    v3+, you can try --% before -ia to just pass the args through as is,
    which means it should not require any special workarounds.
  • Periods in PowerShell: If you need to pass a period as part of a
    value or a path, PowerShell doesn't always handle it well. Please
    quote those values using "Quote Values" section above.
  • Options and switches apply to all items passed, so if you are
    installing multiple packages, and you use --version=1.0.0, choco
    is going to look for and try to install version 1.0.0 of every
    package passed. So please split out multiple package calls when
    wanting to pass specific options.

Scripting / Integration - Best Practices / Style Guide

When writing scripts, such as PowerShell scripts passing options and
switches, there are some best practices to follow to ensure that you
don't run into issues later. This also applies to integrations that
are calling Chocolatey and parsing output. Chocolatey uses
PowerShell, but it is an exe, so it cannot return PowerShell objects.

Following these practices ensures both readability of your scripts AND
compatibility across different versions and editions of Chocolatey.
Following this guide will ensure your experience is not frustrating
based on choco not receiving things you think you are passing to it.

  • For consistency, always use choco, not choco.exe. Never use
    shortcut commands like cinst or cup.
  • Always have the command as the first argument to choco. e.g. [choco install](/docs/commandsinstall), where [install`](/docs/commandsinstall) is the command.
  • If there is a subcommand, ensure that is the second argument. e.g.
    choco source list, where source is the command and list is the
    subcommand.
  • Typically the subject comes next. If installing packages, the
    subject would be the package names, e.g. choco install pkg1 pkg2.
  • Never use 'nupkg' or point directly to a nupkg file UNLESS using
    'choco push'. Use the source folder instead, e.g. choco install <package id> --source="'c:\folder\with\package'" instead of
    choco install DoNotDoThis.1.0.nupkg or choco install DoNotDoThis --source="'c:\folder\with\package\DoNotDoThis.1.0.nupkg'".
  • Switches and parameters are called simply options. Options come
    after the subject. e.g. choco install pkg1 --debug --verbose.
  • Never use the force option (--force/-f) in scripts (or really
    otherwise as a default mode of use). Force is an override on
    Chocolatey behavior. If you are wondering why Chocolatey isn't doing
    something like the documentation says it should, it's likely because
    you are using force. Stop.
  • Always use full option name. If the short option is -n, and the
    full option is --name, use --name. The only acceptable short
    option for use in scripts is -y. Find option names in help docs
    online or through choco -? /choco [Command Name] -?.
  • For scripts that are running automated, always use -y. Do note
    that even with -y passed, some things / state issues detected will
    temporarily stop for input - the key here is temporarily. They will
    continue without requiring any action after the temporary timeout
    (typically 30 seconds).
  • Full option names are prepended with two dashes, e.g. -- or
    --debug --verbose --ignore-proxy.
  • When setting a value to an option, always put an equals (=)
    between the name and the setting, e.g. --source="'local'".
  • When setting a value to an option, always surround the value
    properly with double quotes bookending apostrophes, e.g.
    --source="'internal_server'".
  • If you are building PowerShell scripts, you can most likely just
    simply use apostrophes surrounding option values, e.g.
    --source='internal_server'.
  • Prefer upgrade to install in scripts. You can't install to a newer
    version of something, but you can choco upgrade which will do both
    upgrade or install (unless switched off explicitly).
  • If you are sharing the script with others, pass --source to be
    explicit about where the package is coming from. Use full link and
    not source name ('https://chocolatey.org/api/v2' versus
    'chocolatey').
  • If parsing output, you might want to use --limit-output/-r to
    get output in a more machine parseable format. NOTE: Not all
    commands handle return of information in an easily digestible
    output.
  • Use exit codes to determine status. Chocolatey exits with 0 when
    everything worked appropriately and other exits codes like 1 when
    things error. There are package specific exit codes that are
    recommended to be used and reboot indicating exit codes as well. To
    check exit code when using PowerShell, immediately call
    $exitCode = $LASTEXITCODE to get the value choco exited with.

Here's an example following bad practices (line breaks added for
readability):

choco install pkg1 -y -params '/Option:Value /Option2:value with spaces' --c4b-option 'Yaass' --option-that-is-new 'dude upgrade'

Now here is that example written with best practices (again line
breaks added for readability - there are not line continuations
for choco):

choco upgrade pkg1 -y --source="'https://chocolatey.org/api/v2'" --package-parameters="'/Option:Value /Option2:value with spaces'" --c4b-option="'Yaass'" --option-that-is-new="'dude upgrade'"

Note the differences between the two:

  • Which is more self-documenting?
  • Which will allow for the newest version of something installed or
    upgraded to (which allows for more environmental consistency on
    packages and versions)?
  • Which may throw an error on a badly passed option?
  • Which will throw errors on unknown option values? See explanation
    below.

Chocolatey ignores options it doesn't understand, but it can only
ignore option values if they are tied to the option with an
equals sign ('='). Note those last two options in the examples above?
If you roll off of a commercial edition or someone with older version
attempts to run the badly crafted script --c4b-option 'Yaass' --option-that-is-new 'dude upgrade', they are likely to see errors on
'Yaass' and 'dude upgrade' because they are not explicitly tied to the
option they are written after. Now compare that to the other script.
Choco will ignore --c4b-option="'Yaass'" and
--option-that-is-new="'dude upgrade'" as a whole when it doesn't
register the options. This means that your script doesn't error.

Following these scripting best practices will ensure your scripts work
everywhere they are used and with newer versions of Chocolatey.

See Help Menu In Action

choco help in action

Default Options and Switches

NOTE: Options and switches apply to all items passed, so if you are
running a command like install that allows installing multiple
packages, and you use --version=1.0.0, it is going to look for and
try to install version 1.0.0 of every package passed. So please split
out multiple package calls when wanting to pass specific options.


 -?, --help, -h
     Prints out the help menu.

 -d, --debug
     Debug - Show debug messaging.

 -v, --verbose
     Verbose - Show verbose messaging. Very verbose messaging, avoid using
       under normal circumstances.

     --trace
     Trace - Show trace messaging. Very, very verbose trace messaging. Avoid
       except when needing super low-level .NET Framework debugging. Available
       in 0.10.4+.

     --nocolor, --no-color
     No Color - Do not show colorization in logging output. This overrides
       the feature 'logWithoutColor', set to 'False'. Available in 0.10.9+.

     --acceptlicense, --accept-license
     AcceptLicense - Accept license dialogs automatically. Reserved for
       future use.

 -y, --yes, --confirm
     Confirm all prompts - Chooses affirmative answer instead of prompting.
       Implies --accept-license

 -f, --force
     Force - force the behavior. Do not use force during normal operation -
       it subverts some of the smart behavior for commands.

     --noop, --whatif, --what-if
     NoOp / WhatIf - Don't actually do anything.

 -r, --limitoutput, --limit-output
     LimitOutput - Limit the output to essential information

     --timeout, --execution-timeout=VALUE
     CommandExecutionTimeout (in seconds) - The time to allow a command to
       finish before timing out. Overrides the default execution timeout in the
       configuration of 2700 seconds. '0' for infinite starting in 0.10.4.

 -c, --cache, --cachelocation, --cache-location=VALUE
     CacheLocation - Location for download cache, defaults to %TEMP% or value
       in chocolatey.config file.

     --allowunofficial, --allow-unofficial, --allowunofficialbuild, --allow-unofficial-build
     AllowUnofficialBuild - When not using the official build you must set
       this flag for choco to continue.

     --failstderr, --failonstderr, --fail-on-stderr, --fail-on-standard-error, --fail-on-error-output
     FailOnStandardError - Fail on standard error output (stderr), typically
       received when running external commands during install providers. This
       overrides the feature failOnStandardError.

     --use-system-powershell
     UseSystemPowerShell - Execute PowerShell using an external process
       instead of the built-in PowerShell host. Should only be used when
       internal host is failing. Available in 0.9.10+.

     --no-progress
     Do Not Show Progress - Do not show download progress percentages.
       Available in 0.10.4+.

     --proxy=VALUE
     Proxy Location - Explicit proxy location. Overrides the default proxy
       location of ''. Available for config settings in 0.9.9.9+, this CLI
       option available in 0.10.4+.

     --proxy-user=VALUE
     Proxy User Name - Explicit proxy user (optional). Requires explicity
       proxy (`--proxy` or config setting). Overrides the default proxy user of
       '123'. Available for config settings in 0.9.9.9+, this CLI option
       available in 0.10.4+.

     --proxy-password=VALUE
     Proxy Password - Explicit proxy password (optional) to be used with
       username. Requires explicity proxy (`--proxy` or config setting) and
       user name.  Overrides the default proxy password (encrypted in settings
       if set). Available for config settings in 0.9.9.9+, this CLI option
       available in 0.10.4+.

     --proxy-bypass-list=VALUE
     ProxyBypassList - Comma separated list of regex locations to bypass on
       proxy. Requires explicity proxy (`--proxy` or config setting). Overrides
       the default proxy bypass list of ''. Available in 0.10.4+.

     --proxy-bypass-on-local
     Proxy Bypass On Local - Bypass proxy for local connections. Requires
       explicity proxy (`--proxy` or config setting). Overrides the default
       proxy bypass on local setting of 'True'. Available in 0.10.4+.

     --log-file=VALUE
     Log File to output to in addition to regular loggers. Available in 0.1-
       0.8+.

NOTE: This documentation has been automatically generated from choco -h.