Microsoft SQL Server 2012 System CLR Types
Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Feature Pack SP 2
The SQL Server System CLR Types package contains the components implementing the new geometry, geography, and hierarchyid types in SQL Server 2012. This component can be installed separately from the server to allow client applications to use these types outside of the server.
Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Native Client
Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Feature Pack SP2
Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Native Client SP 2 (SQL Server Native Client) is a single dynamic-link library (DLL) containing both the SQL OLE DB provider and SQL ODBC driver. It contains run-time support for applications using native-code APIs (ODBC, OLE DB and ADO) to connect to Microsoft SQL Server 2000, 2005, 2008 or 2012. SQL Server Native Client should be used to create new applications or enhance existing applications that need to take advantage of new SQL Server 2012 features. This redistributable installer for SQL Server Native Client installs the client components needed during run time to take advantage of new SQL Server 2012 features, and optionally installs the header files needed to develop an application that uses the SQL Server Native Client API.
Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Management Objects
Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Feature Pack SP 1
The SQL Server Management Objects (SMO) is a .NET Framework object model that enables software developers to create client-side applications to manage and administer SQL Server objects and services. This object model will work with SQL Server 2000, SQL Server 2005, SQL Server 2008, SQL Server 2008 R2 and SQL Server 2012
Microsoft Windows PowerShell Extensions for SQL Server
Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Feature Pack SP1
The Microsoft Windows PowerShell Extensions for SQL Server2012 includes a provider and a set of cmdlets that enable administrators and developers to build PowerShell scripts for managing instances of SQL Server. The SQL Server PowerShell Provider delivers a simple mechanism for navigating SQL Server instances that is similar to file system paths. PowerShell scripts can then use the SQL Server Management Objects to administer the instances. The SQL Server cmdlets support operations such as executing Transact-SQL scripts or evaluating SQL Server policies.